Eczema, Rosacea and Psoriasis – An Explanation

Eczema, Rosacea, or Psoriasis Explained | Spectrum Dermatology

Eczema, Rosacea and Psoriasis – An Explanation

There are many skin conditions dealt with in dermatology, and Eczema, Rosacea, and Psoriasis are the most challenging. Dermatologists have an unending stream of patients suffering from these ongoing dermatological issues. Each is unique and challenging in it own way. It is helpful to have an overview of the causes, effect, and treatments for each of these skin problems.

Eczema

Eczema is a skin condition caused by inflammation of the skin. Its appearance is red and dry skin, often itchy and cracked. It can appear in any part of the body. Eczema is a chronic problem, most common in infants. It is interesting to mention that most people with eczema have a higher potential for developing allergies, such as hayfever or asthma.

Causes For Eczema

Eczema can run in families. Genetics can cause sensitive skin, and an overactive immune system is also thought to be a contributing factor. Doctors feel that defects in the skin barrier can contribute to eczema. The defects allow moisture out and germs into the area. Factors that also contribute to triggering eczema are:

• Dry skin
• Cold and dry climates
• Heat and sweat
• Stress
• Contact with irritating substances such as woolen or synthetic fabrics and soap

Eczema Treatment Options

There are treatments and ways to avoid eczema breakouts. Consulting with a board certified dermatologist can help you control the embarrassing and frustrating skin breakouts that one deals with, with eczema. Make a consultation today, so that we may help you find a solution.

Rosacea

Rosacea is an inflammatory condition that is long-lasting and affects millions of people. It is characterized by red, flushed skin, broken blood vessels and can include red bumps that resemble acne. It is many times confused with adult acne.

With Rosacea, small capillaries come up to the surface of the skin and cause the redness and enlarge the pores of the skin.

Rosacea affects both men and women and usually appears after the age of 30. Many times it may come and go and then over time become a longstanding issue. As it progresses, it often spreads from the center part of the face to the cheeks, forehead, chin and nose. And in some cases, on to the ears, chest, back and sometimes even the eyes. There are several forms of Rosacea:

• Papulopustular rosacea
• Blushing rosacea
• Telangiectatic (blood vessel) rosacea
• Dietary/alcoholic rosacea
• Rhinophymatous rosacea (causes bulbous nose)
• Mite-infestation related rosacea

Many times these types can be combined, are alone or change over time to go from one type to another.

Causes of Rosacea

It seems that different triggers are involved in bringing on a flare-up of rosacea. The triggers differ with each person. It can be, for example, spicy foods, hot, caffeinated drinks, red wine. Additionally, the wind and the sun can bring back an episode. Many times a journal can help identify what your triggers are and then they can be avoided and hopefully reduce your rosacea.

Rosacea Treatment Options

Rosacea may not ever go away completely, but gladly, it can be controlled. Sometimes treatment is pretty simple, and the condition can be controlled readily. Some of the common treatments include:

• Laser treatments (IPL- Intense Pulsed Light)
• Skin care regimens
• Medications

Which treatment you are assigned would be decided after a thorough exam and consultation to determine which type of rosacea you are dealing with.

Psoriasis

Firstly, let’s begin by saying that psoriasis is a very baffling and persistent skin disorders that dermatologists deal with. It is characterized by the multiplying of skin cells faster than ten times the natural rate. The volume of the cells causes red, raised plaque covered with scaly white skin. Psoriasis is found primarily on the knees, elbows, and scalp, but can also affect the palms, torso and soles of the feet.

Depending on the type of psoriasis that you have depends on what the symptoms will be. Most commonly the symptoms would include:

• Plaques of red skin covered with silvery scales. They may be itchy and painful and can crack and bleed. In severe cases, the areas grow into each other and cover a large area.
• Psoriasis of the fingers and nail beds causes pitting and discoloration; they may also begin to crumble and detach from the nail bed.
• Plaques of scales on the scalp area.

Cause for Psoriasis

Factors that may trigger psoriasis include infections, injury to the skin, such as a cut or scrape, bug bite or severe sunburn. It is also a condition that can be brought about by stress.

Psoriasis Treatment Options

People who suffer from this frustrating and sometimes disfiguring disease know the difficulties in treating it. Depending on the severity, doctors can use topical medications applied to the skin that may keep the flare up at bay. More severe forms may need light therapy as well as topical medications and/or internal forms of medication.

The excimer laser is one of the newer treatments being used to help psoriasis. The laser is aimed directly at the psoriasis plaques, not affecting the surrounding skin. It helps minimize the skins autoimmune response and slow down the rapid production of skin cells. By using a select range of ultraviolet light, this method can result in significant improvement without side effects.

Whatever form of Eczema, Rosacea, or Psoriasis you are dealing with, there is help for you. A consultation and exam with a board certified dermatologist will help bring some much-needed treatment to the skin challenges you have been suffering through. Call (480) 948-8400 today.