09 Nov Is It Melasma or Hyperpigmentation?
Hyperpigmentation is a type of skin condition that causes dark, discolored spots, but there are several types of hyperpigmentation. At Spectrum Dermatology, the type and cause are first determined so that an effective and customized treatment plan can be devised. Hyperpigmentation is often caused by acne scarring, the remains of eczema flare-ups, and sun damage. However, there is also a less common type of hyperpigmentation called melasma.
Melasma, Hyperpigmentation, or Something Else?
Melasma is a skin condition that affects more than five million Americans. Most melasma patients are women and melasma can be exacerbated with sun exposure, much like many skin conditions. However, there are some critical differences between melasma and other types of hyperpigmentation. Different types, such as discoloration from psoriasis, is caused by the pigment-creating cells in the body going into overdrive and dumping pigment into a single, concentrated area. It’s kind of like a tattoo, but it’s just the melanocytes going overboard on the job.
The deeper the pigment is, the more difficult it is to treat. Spectrum Dermatology offers the technology and skills to treat even the deepest level of pigment. Even though melasma takes discoloration to the next level, top quality clinics can still treat this harmless but discouraging condition. It is theorized that both sun damage and hormonal shifts trigger melasma. The hormone element is what differentiates it from other types of hyperpigmentation. It is also why women who are going through puberty, pregnancy, menopause or are taking hormonal birth control or hormonal therapy are more likely to have melasma.
The degree of melasma can vary wildly. British model Danielle Lloyd has spoken openly about the gray patches on her face and how cruel people on social media can be. She recently talked to reporters about commenters telling her to wash her face and making fun of the discoloration. Melasma usually occurs on the face, but can happen anywhere sun damage occurs.
Connect with Spectrum Dermatology Today
Strangely, melasma can also worsen and get better on its own depending on hormone shifts and sun exposure. If you would like to treat melasma for good, contact Spectrum Dermatology at 480-948-8400 and schedule a consultation.