27 Oct Is This Skin Spot Dangerous?
Skin lumps and bumps can be concerning, but the good news is most skin lesions are harmless. However, only a dermatologist can diagnose and treat skin lesions and Spectrum Dermatology is fully reopened and practicing all state and CDC recommendations to keep patients and staff safe. Telemedicine is also available for skin bump diagnoses, which allows patients to secure an initial diagnosis from the comfort of their home.
There are more than 3,000 skin conditions, and bumps and lumps compose a large percentage of these issues. One of the most common conditions is a cherry angioma, which is a bright red bump that seems to appear suddenly. You will find these most often on the torso, but they can appear anywhere. Cherry angiomas can vary in size and can be as large as the diameter of a pencil eraser. Those over 40 are most prone to them, but they can appear earlier. A genuine cherry angioma is not dangerous, but you can opt to have them removed for cosmetic reasons.
Common Bumps and Lumps
Cysts are also a common skin issue and form when a pouch of tissue becomes full of fluid. Right below the skin’s surface, cysts can be caused by a number of issues from irritation to infections or clogged oil glands. The majority of cysts are not harmful or painful, but they can become uncomfortable if they put pressure on a nerve or become inflamed. There are different kinds of cysts, too. Ganglion cysts are found over joints or tendons and can be uncomfortable.
If a cyst is causing pain or problems, it needs to be treated. This is usually done at your dermatologist’s office, who will drain the cyst via a very small incision. Cortisone injections can also help, and oftentimes infected cysts will need antibiotic treatment. You might also be struggling with dermatofibromas, which are a type of spot that is round and usually dark red or purple. They can be hard and most often appear on the limbs. Nobody really knows what causes dermatofibromas, but they appear most often after a trauma to the site. They feel hard because they have scar tissue, but they usually aren’t painful. However, like cysts, they can also be removed if they bother you.
Caring for the Skin You’re In
Folliculitis is a very common condition that occurs when a hair follicle becomes infected. You’ll most often find this on the scalp, legs, or face. Folliculitis can look like a rash with little red bumps that are very itchy. It is a condition most common in those with a compromised immune system or who suffer from diabetes, but can happen to anyone. In order to design a treatment, the cause needs to be determined first. Sometimes a topical antibiotic is required or an antifungal medicine is prescribed.
Folliculitis should not be confused with hives, which are also red and itchy bumps. Hives are almost always caused by either stress or an allergic reaction and they can last a few hours or many days. Antihistamines can help treat hives by decreasing the body’s allergic reaction. However, it’s critical to get a correct diagnosis first so that you are treating the right issue. Your dermatologist will help you determine your trigger(s) for hives so you can avoid it and can also prescribe or recommend a treatment plan.
Clearing Up Your Skin
Keloids are a type of scarring in which the scar tissue is excessive. This can lead to a bigger bump than expected after a trauma or medical incision. Keloids are not dangerous, but you can minimize them for cosmetic reasons if you like. They can also be itchy, but steroid injections or freezing them can drastically reduce their size and appearance.
There are also lipomas, which are often a harmless type of soft tissue tumor. They develop slowly over time and feel rubbery and soft. If a lipoma grows quickly or is painful, that might be a sign that it’s actually a cancerous type of lipoma. This is just one type of skin condition that requires extra attention and annual skin checks.
Moles are the most well-known type of skin condition and one that requires constant observation as it can turn cancerous. It’s very important to conduct monthly “skin checks” to look for any changes, but this does not take the place of an annual skin check with your dermatologist. Most moles are harmless, but some are cancerous. To schedule your skin check with Spectrum Dermatology, call (480) 948-8400 today.